Countries of Central Asia and their brief description
Referred to as Central Asia region, which covers quite a vast territory of Eurasia. He has no outlet to the ocean, and it consists of many States, some partially, some fully. Central Asian countries are very different in their culture, history, language and ethnic composition. This region stands out as the only geographical unit (unlike the Ancient East, which was the cultural region), so every area will be discussed separately.
What powers are part of the geographic area
So, first consider all the countries and capitals of Central Asia, to have formed a full picture of what lands are included in its composition. Just note that some sources consider Central Asia and Central and others believe that it is one and the same. Central Asia consists of such countries as Uzbekistan (Tashkent), Kazakhstan (Astana), Turkmenistan (Ashgabat), Tajikistan (Dushanbe) and Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek). It turns out that the region is formed by five ex-Soviet republics. In turn, the countries of Central Asia consist of these five powers, Western plus China (Beijing), Mongolia (Ulan Bator), Kashmir, Punjab, North-East of Iran (Tehran), North India (Delhi) and Northern Pakistan (Islamabad), Afghanistan (Kabul). This also includes the Asian region of Russia, located South of the taiga zone.
The history and characteristics of the region
For the first time the countries of Central Asia as a separate geographic region was identified by the historian and geographer Alexander von Humboldt in the late 19th century. As he stated, the signs of these historical lands were three factors. First, it is the ethnic composition of the population, namely – the Turks, the Mongols and the Tibetans, who for centuries has not lost its characteristics and did not assimilate with other races. Secondly, it is a nomadic life, which was inherent in almost everyone of these peoples (except the Tibetans). For centuries they waged war, expanded the limits of their powers, but in spite of this, preserve identity and uniqueness of their nation and traditions. Thirdly, it is through the Central Asian countries took place the famous silk road, which was the basis of trade relations of the East and West.
Central Asia or the CIS part
To date, five former Soviet republics of the region of Central Asia, which for centuries had its own culture, religion and peculiarities of existence. An exception is always made up only of Kazakhstan, since these territories had always got along very different people. Initially, the Soviet Union, even it was decided to make this state a part of Russia, but later it was still part of the Islamic republics. Today, Kazakhstan and Central Asia – is a significant part of the region, which is full of minerals, rich in history and yet it coexist many religions of the world. This is one of the few places where there are no official beliefs, and everyone can freely practice their God’s Word. For example, in Alma-ATA, located near the Central mosque and Orthodox Cathedral of the ascension.
Other countries of Central Asia
The total area of the region is 3 994 300 square kilometers, and while most cities, even the largest, not particularly densely populated. From capitals and other important cities of these countries began to leave EN masse by the Russians after the breakup of the Union, which resulted in a demographic decline. The most common race in the region are Uzbeks. They live not only in Uzbekistan, but are national minorities of the other four States. In addition, the Uzbekistan on the background of the whole of Central Asia can be identified and the presence of a huge number of cultural and architectural monuments. In the country are quite a lot of madrasahs and Islamic colleges, where people come to study from all corners of the planet. Also on the territory of the state are the town-museums – Samarkand, Khiva, Bukhara and Kokand. There are many ancient Muslim palaces, mosques, plazas, and observation areas.
Asia, which extends to the East