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Peoples of Central, Western Asia

The peoples of Central Asia

In Central Asia in the first Millennium BC were rich region located along the river valleys of Syr-Darya, the Zerafshan, Kashka Darya, Amu Darya, Murgab, Tejan. These were agricultural oases, cultural life which rested on an artificial irrigation based on removing channels from the rivers originating in the mountains. In the neighbourhood of the oases in the steppes the nomads lived in different tribes.

Here lived a population of Iranian origin — the Sogdians along the rivers Zerafshan and Kashka-Darya, Khorezm — in the lower reaches of the Amu-Darya, Bactrians to the South from the Amu-Darya, — belonged to the people, mentioned since antiquity.

Depending on the farmers was agricultural population, hardworking farming oases, where along with the wheat and barley were cultivated cotton, rice, grapes, mulberry and fruit trees.

There was a writing (many of the documents in the Sogdian language came to our time). Transit trade was strengthened cultural links with Western Asia, the Caucasus, Iran, India, China, which resulted in the distribution in the cities of Central Asia, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, Buddhism. In 60-ies of VI century BC in the steppes of today’s Kazakhstan has developed a powerful Empire of nomads-Turks, Continue reading

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