National food of Japan
Japan is a country which has attracted much attention not only for its great achievements, achievements in science, technology, medicine. Not less attractive, interesting Japan and its culture, a unique identity which permeates all aspects of Japanese life. How the Japanese live, what tradition, customs, what are the foundations of family life, which prefer the Japanese, what are their life values and priorities. The answer to these and many other questions, we believe, can be useful for exploring Japan. Japanese cuisine is closely connected with the geographical conditions of the country and its history. And at the same time it clearly reflects the peculiarities of the Japanese attitude, which is so interesting to foreigners. What we eat, drink Japanese? How and how much to eat? What is love? Whether here is hidden one of the secrets of longevity of the Japanese? Following our story about it.
THE LIFESTYLE OF THE JAPANESE AND THEIR COOKING
The daily food of Japanese people consists mainly of rice, fish, vegetables. Usually eat three times a day: Breakfast at 8, lunch at 12, dinner at 7 o’clock. For Breakfast most Japanese people prefers to eat traditional Japanese food such as miso soup, rice, grilled fish, pickles, raw egg and cooked vegetables. But in recent years many families began to become prevalent and a European kitchen, so now some families eat Breakfast.
Japanese workers often have lunch in a cheap restring, which, as a rule, from 12 o’clock until the hour of the day full of people. Most often this is Japanese lunch option such as noodle soup, a sandwich or “onigiri” (bun of cooked rice with toppings). Japanese dinner at home. In Japan, dinner is considered the most important because most of the time when all family members’re going together. Usually for dinner there is rice, soup and different dishes of vegetables, fish or meat. Prepare them not only Japanese, but you can use other recipes.
In Japanese food there is a clear distinction between festive and everyday food. In Japan there are a number of holidays, when traditionally prepare specific dishes that should definitely be present on the holiday table. For example, new year holiday table is dramatically different from everyday food. Just before New year’s harvest for future use of the hostess set all new year dishes such as “oseti-ryori” – black beans, sweet mashed sweet potato with chestnuts, a sweet omelette, herring ROE. This set is not random, as all these dishes have certain characters. For example, black beans mean health, the sweet potato with chestnuts – win, herring ROE – the prosperity of descendants, etc. In addition to “oseti-ryori” in these festive days, eat new year’s soup with rice cakes and vegetables(“Zoni”), drinking sake with medicinal herbs(“toso”).
It is interesting to pay attention to one characteristic feature of Japanese way of life that has a direct relation to food, or rather, to its reception. It sticks which use at the table the Japanese. It is known that the ancient Japanese ate with the hand, and not exactly possible to tell when they began to use chopsticks as eating utensils. But at the same time established that the tradition of using chopsticks during the meal borrowed by Japan from China. It is curious that now sticks in its usage widespread in many countries of Southeast Asia, but it is important to say that only Japanese people use only chopsticks. At the time, as in China, Korea and Vietnam are usually, along with chopsticks, and use another spoon.
Obvious relationship between the nature of Japanese food and chopsticks: one corresponds to another. In Japanese cuisine dishes served in small pieces that are convenient to take chopsticks. And the fish that the Japanese eat often, there are just too convenient it sticks. To use chopsticks is not easy, this specifically need to learn. For example, children from the age rannego every day teach the ability to properly handle chopsticks.
There is a list of rules that you must follow when using chopsticks. For example, it is important to know some taboos: you can not lick chopsticks, not chop food with chopsticks as with a fork, do not hold the wand over the food, wondering which piece to take, you can’t push the dishes with chopsticks, you cannot specify man on sticks, it’s impossible to transfer food from one chopsticks to another, etc. and Usually in every Japanese family has their own personal sticks. In restaurants or guest houses, there are wooden sticks disposable. The Europeans who especially are not familiar with chopsticks, use them while eating difficult. Therefore, in restaurants Europeans in their desire can usually offer traditional Cutlery.