The Art of Japan
Eastern Japan is an amazing country located on Islands. Another name of Japan – the land of the Rising Sun. Soft warm humid climate, the mountain chain of volcanoes and marine waters create beautiful scenery, which grow among the young Japanese, which is undoubtedly leaving a mark on the art of this small state. Here people from an early age get used to beauty, and flowers, ornamental plants and small gardens with pond are the attribute of their dwellings. Everyone tries to arrange for himself a piece of wild nature. Like all Eastern nationalities, the Japanese have maintained a connection with nature that is revered and respected for centuries of the existence of their civilization.
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The Architecture Of Japan
For a long time Japan was considered a closed country, the only contact with China and Korea. So their development took place in its special way. Later, when various innovations began to penetrate the territory of the Islands, the Japanese quickly adapted them for themselves and remade in his own way. Japanese architectural style is a massive house with curved roofs, which helps prevent ongoing heavy rains. A real work of art are the Imperial palaces with gardens and pavilions.
Of religious buildings found in Japan, we can distinguish extant wooden Shinto temples, Buddhist pagodas and Buddhist temple complexes, which appeared in a later period of history when Buddhism entered the country from the continent and was declared the state religion. Wooden buildings, as you know, is not durable and vulnerable, but in Japan it is customary to reconstruct the buildings in their original form, so even after re-build their fires in the form in which they were built in his time.
Sculpture Of Japan
Buddhism had a strong influence on the development of Japanese art. Many of the works represent the image of the Buddha, so the temples were created numerous statues and sculptures of Buddha. They were made of metal, wood and stone. Only some time later came the master, who began to make secular portrait sculpture, but with time the need for them has disappeared, so more for decoration of buildings began to use sculptural reliefs with deep carving.
National art form in Japan is the miniature sculpture netsuke. Initially, these figures played the role of the keychain that was attached to the belt. Each figure had a hole for the strap on which hung the necessary items of clothing because at the time there were pockets. Netsuke figurines depicted secular characters, gods, demons, or various objects that bore a special secret meaning, for example, the wish of family happiness. Netsuke made of wood, ivory, ceramic or metal.
Decorative arts of Japan
To the status of art in Japan was built to produce edged weapons, bringing the samurai sword manufacture to perfection. Swords, daggers, rim swords, elements of military ammunition were a sort of men’s jewelry, meaning belonging to the estate, so they are performed by skilled craftsmen decorated with precious stones and carvings. Also among the folk crafts of Japan includes manufacturing of products from ceramics, lacquer ware, weaving and the skill of wood engraving. Traditional Japanese pottery potters paint various patterns and glaze.
Painted in Japan, usually on folding screens, Shoji paper screens, walls of houses and clothing. The headquarters for the Japanese not only functional element of the home, but also a work of art for contemplation that defines the overall mood of the room. National dress the kimono also relates to articles of Japanese art, bearing a special Oriental flavor. Decorative panels on the gold foil with bright colors can also be attributed to the works of Japanese painting. Great skill has achieved in the creation of Japanese Ukiyo-e, the so-called woodcut. The story of these paintings was the scenes from the lives of ordinary citizens, artists, and geishas, as well as the magnificent landscapes which resulted from development of the art of painting in Japan.